Vietnam Leave Laws

If your business operates in Vietnam, or you have employees located in Vietnam, take note of the following laws and customers in relation to public holidays, annual leave (PTO), sick leave, maternity and paternity leave and more.

These laws apply to both Vietnamese employees in Vietnam, as well as foreign nationals working in Vietnamese companies.

This page is intended for reference purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Please see official government sources or consult a legal professional for actual legal advice.

Public Holidays in Vietnam

The most notable holiday in Vietnam is Tet Holiday, which is the celebration of the Lunar New Year. This is observed over approximately one week, in late January or early February. During this time, almost all Vietnamese businesses are closed.

There are a number of additional national holidays spread throughout the year. If a national holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, there is an additional holiday given on the next working day.

Vietnam observes the following public holidays in 2024:

January 1New Year’s Day (Gregorian Calendar)
February 8 – February 14Tet Holiday (Lunar New Year)
April 18Hung Kings Festival
April 30Reunification Day
May 1International Labour Day
August 31 – September 3National Day

Public Holiday Pay

Each of the public holidays above is given as a paid holiday to workers in Vietnam.

Annual Leave & Paid Time Off in Vietnam

Once an employee has worked for an employer for 12 months, they are entitled to a minimum number of paid time off days each year.

This number differs depending on the type of job:

Which category an employee’s job fits under is decided by the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs.

Employees whose period of employment is less than 12 months is entitled to an annual leave entitlement in line with the length of their employment.

Every 5 years an employee works for their employer, their annual leave entitlement will increase by 1 day.

Accruals & Rollovers

Employees may combine their yearly entitlement (rolling over to the following year) for a maximum of three years at a time, upon agreement with their employer.

Paying Out Leave

There is no legislation regarding whether or not employees can take their annual leave as cash, except in the case of termination of their employment, when any unused leave days will be paid out to the employee.

Medical/Sick Leave in Vietnam

Employees in Vietnam are entitled to paid sick leave.

The number of sick leave days available to an employee depends on their working conditions, and the length of time they have been paying into the national social insurance.

Sick leave entitlement for employees working under normal working conditions:

Sick leave entitlement for employees working in heavy, hazardous or toxic conditions:

Sick leave is paid by the government’s social insurance fund – not the employer. Pay for sick leave equates to 75% of the employee’s salary or remuneration, based on the month prior to their sick leave.

Employees infected with a disease on the list of diseases requiring long-term treatment, as per the Ministry of Health, are entitled to a maximum of 180 days’ sick leave in a year (including public holidays and weekends).

Maternity Leave in Vietnam

Mothers in Vietnam are entitled to up to 6 months of paid maternity leave. If she has more than one child, she will be entitled to an additional 30 days off for each additional child.

During this time, they should receive 100% of their regular salary.

Women are also entitled to paid leave if they have a miscarriage or if the pregnancy is terminated. The entitlement depends on the length of time they have been pregnant.

Paternity Leave in Vietnam

Employees working in Vietnam who are covered by social insurance are entitled to paid paternity leave.

This entitlement is equal to 5 days off for a normal delivery, 7 days off for caesarean section. The entitlement is doubled (10/14 days) for twins, and an additional 3 working days off are given for each additional baby, for births of 3 or more children.

Paternity leave can be taken within the first 30 days after the baby is born.

Additional Leave Types in Vietnam

Personal Days and Bereavement Leave in Vietnam

Certain personal causes – most notably marriages and deaths within the employee’s family – entitle an employee to personal days off.

Official Resources

Ministry of Labour, Invalids, and Social Affairs of Vietnam (MoLISA)

This page is intended for reference purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Please see official government sources or consult a legal professional for actual legal advice.

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